Black Race

kenya tribal woman
Kikuyu Woman, Kenya

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Since the colonization of Africa and its indigenous people, the Black man, woman and child have been taken from a place of sovereign spirituality and royalty, to the status of social pariahs of the world.


Guardianship of the Black

"At the beginning of this cycle of time, long ago, the Great Spirit came down and He made an appearance and He gathered the peoples of this earth together and He said to the human beings, 'I'm going to send you to four directions and over time I'm going to change you to four colors, but I'm going to give you some teachings and you will call these the Original Teachings and when you come back together with each other you will share these so that you can live and have peace on earth, and a great civilization will come about.' And he said 'During the cycle of time I'm going to give each of you two stone tablets. When I give you those stone tablets, don't cast those upon the ground. If any of the brothers and sisters of the four directions and the four colors cast their tablets on the ground, not only, will human beings have a hard time, but almost the earth itself will die.' "-- Lee Brown, Baha'i- Cherokee, Baha'i Continental Indigenous Council, Fairbanks, Alaska, 1986

To the West  The Great Spirit gave the black race of people the Guardianship of the Soul corresponding to the element of water .  They were to learn the teachings of the water which is the chief of the elements, being the most humble and the most powerful.   This is the emotional part of ourselves, like the flowing water we must learn to go with the flow of life. The time of the West is when we learn that we are responsible to all things and to each other.  It is the time to prepare, to finish things for the time of Winter is coming. We gather ourselves and family, working together to prepare for what is to come.   As the place of emotions it is the place of family and love - of responsibility from our hearts because of the love. It is hard work and team efforts. Black symbolizes change from this life.

And so he gave each of us a responsibility and we call that the Guardianship.
"When I went to the University of Washington and I learned that it was a black man who discovered blood plasma, it didn't surprise me because blood is water and the elders already told me the black people would bring the teachings of the water." -- Lee Brown, Baha'i- Cherokee, Baha'i Continental Indigenous Council, Fairbanks, Alaska, 1986

For the Black Race the building of the Mind by acquiring Knowledge supports developing new, positive life experiences into continuous patterns and a view of life which includes integrating the strengths already acquired by the learner.

"I talk to people from the black race and learn that their sacred stone tablets are at the foot of Mount Kenya.   They are kept by the Kukuyu Tribe.  I once had the honor of presenting a sacred pipe at the Kukuyu Tribe carved from the red pipe stone of Mount Kenya.  I was at an Indian spiritual gathering about 15 years ago.  A medicine man from South Dakota put a beaded medicine wheel in the middle of the gathering.   It had the four colors from the four directions; He asked the people, 'Where is this from?'  They said, 'Probably Montana, or South Dakota, maybe Saskatchewan.'  He said, 'This is from Kenya.'  It was beaded just like ours, with the same colors."  -- Lee Brown, Baha'i- Cherokee, Baha'i Continental Indigenous Council, Fairbanks, Alaska, 1986

dogonblack
Dogon, Mali

The Dogon are an ethnic group living in the central plateau region of Mali, south of the Niger bend near the city of Bandiagara in the Mopti region. The Dogon tribe of Mali are a deeply melanated dark skinned people. for thousands of years they have known and recorded intricate details of this galaxy and others including:

Out of Africa

In paleoanthropology, the recent African origin of modern humans is the mainstream models describing the origin and early dispersal of anatomically modern humans. The theory is called the (Recent) Out-of-Africa model in the popular press, and academically the recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), Replacement Hypothesis, and Recent African Origin (RAO) model. The hypothesis that humans have a single origin (monogenesis) was published in Charles Darwin's Descent of Man (1871). The concept was speculative until the 1980s, when it was corroborated by a study of present-day mitochondrial DNA, combined with evidence based on physical anthropology of archaic specimens.

Genetic and fossil evidence is interpreted to show that archaic Homo sapiens evolved to anatomically modern humans solely in Africa, between 200,000 and 150,000 years ago, that members of one branch of Homo sapiens left Africa by between 125,000 and 60,000 years ago, and that over time these humans replaced earlier human populations such as Neanderthals and Homo erectus. The date of this original "out of Africa" migration has mostly been dated to between 70,000 and 60,000 years ago, but a 2011 study suggested that an early wave of migration may have taken place as early as 125,000 years ago.

The recent single origin of modern humans in East Africa is the predominant position held within the scientific community. There are differing theories on whether there was a single exodus or several. A multiple dispersal model involves the Southern Dispersal theory, which has gained support in recent years from genetic, linguistic and archaeological evidence. A growing number of researchers also suspect that "long-neglected North Africa", was the original home of the modern humans who first trekked out of the continent.

The major competing hypothesis is the multi regional origin of modern humans, which envisions a wave of Homo sapiens migrating from Africa and interbreeding with local Neanderthal populations in multiple regions of the globe. Most multi regionalists still view Africa as a major wellspring of human genetic diversity, but allow a much greater role for hybridization.

"In each great region of the world the living mammals are closely related to the extinct species of the same region. It is, therefore, probable that Africa was formerly inhabited by extinct apes closely allied to the gorilla and chimpanzee; and as these two species are now man's nearest allies, it is somewhat more probable that our early progenitors lived on the African continent than elsewhere. But it is useless to speculate on this subject, for an ape nearly as large as a man, namely the Dryopithecus of Lartet, which was closely allied to the anthropomorphous Hylobates, existed in Europe during the Upper Miocene period; and since so remote a period the earth has certainly undergone many great revolutions, and there has been ample time for migration on the largest scale."  -- Charles Darwin, Descent of Man

blackwithwhitechild

Albinism

Albinism is a form of hypopigmentary congenital disorder, characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment in the eyes, skin and hair.

Albinism is hereditary; The principal gene which results in albinism prevents the body from making the usual amounts of the pigment melanin. Most forms of albinism are the result of the biological inheritance of genetically recessive alleles (genes) passed from both parents of an individual, though some rare forms are inherited from only one parent.

Because organisms with albinism have skin that lacks (sufficiently or entirely) the dark pigment melanin, which helps protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation coming from the sun, they can sunburn easily from overexposure. Lack of melanin in the eye also results in problems with vision. The gene OCA2, when in a variant form, the gene causes the pink eye color and hypopigmentation common in human albinism. Different SNPs within OCA2 are strongly associated with blue and green eyes.

Hair color is the pigmentation of hair follicles due to two types of melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin. Generally, if more melanin is present, the color of the hair is darker; if less melanin is present, the hair is lighter. Blond hair can have almost any proportion of phaeomelanin and eumelanin, but both only in small amounts. More phaeomelanin creates a more golden blond color, and more eumelanin creates an ash blond. Blond hair is common in many European peoples, but rare among peoples of non-European origin. Many children born with blond hair develop darker hair as they age. Red hair ranges from vivid strawberry shades to deep auburn and burgundy, and is the rarest fully distinct hair color on earth. It is caused by a variation in the Mc1r gene and believed to be recessive. Red hair has the highest amounts of phaeomelanin and usually low levels of eumelanin, and is the rarest natural human hair color.

Origins of the Democratic Ideal: Egypt

egyptian
Dark Skinned Egyptian Pharaoh, SETI 1

The leader who had the first social consciousness in the administration of a nation was a Pharaoh of Egypt, Akhnaton. Born several thousand years too soon, he was the first realist in democracy, the first humanitarian, the first internationalist. He saw that the duty of the ruler is to protect for all the right to live well, to think, to dream, to hope, and to aspire. For his dream of the Brotherhood of Man he gave his life.

"At this point Egypt continues to dominate the focus of our African oriented studies.  These studies have clearly demonstrated that not only were early Egypt's origins African, but that through the whole of Egypt's Dynastic Era (the age of the Pharaohs), and during all of her many periods of national splendor, men and women with black skin complexions, broad noses, full lips, and tightly curled hair, were dominant in both the general population and governing elite.
In the intense and unrelenting struggle to establish scientifically the African foundations of Egyptian civilization, the late Senegalese scholar Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop remains a most fierce and ardent champion. Dr. Diop (1923-1986) was without a doubt the world's leading Egyptologist and held the position of Director of the Radiocarbon Laboratory at the Fundamental Institute of Black Africa in Dakar, Senegal.  In stating the importance of the work, Diop noted emphatically and early on that, "The history of Black Africa will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly until African historians dare to connect it with the history of Egypt."
The solid range of methodologies employed by Dr. Diop in the course of his extensive Afro-Egyptian labors included: examinations of the epidermis of the mummies of Egyptian kings for verification of their melanin content; precise osteological measurements and meticulous studies in the various relevant areas of anatomy and physical anthropology; careful examinations and comparisons of modern Upper Egyptian and West African blood-types; detailed Afro-Egyptian linguistic studies and the corroboration of distinct Afro-Egyptian cultural traits; documents of racial designations employed by the early Africans themselves; Biblical testimonies and references that address the ancient Egyptian's ethnicity, race and culture; and the writings of early Greek and Roman travelers and scholars describing the physical characteristics of the ancient Egyptians.
There is no doubt that Ancient Egypt was an African civilization."  -- Runoko Rashidi

  Ark of the Covenant

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Ark of the Covenant Church, Axum, Ethiopia

Ark of the Covenant church in Axum Ethiopia is said to house the biblical Ark of the Covenant.  The Ark of the Covenant was a great shrine that contained the tablets of the Ten Commandments that were received from God by Moses on Sinai. According to the Bible, the Ark was made of acacia wood and overlaid with gold. It measured 1.15 m long, 0.7 m wide and 0.7 m high and was carried by two long bars, also made of gold-plated acacia wood. The Ark was guarded by cherubim that "spread forth their two wings over of the place of the ark".

The biblical account states that the Israelites carried the Ark of the Covenant with them wherever they went and it contained great divine power that proved fatal to many. When the Temple of Jerusalem was built, the Ark was enshrined there in the Holy of Holies and only seen by the High Priest.

At some point, the Ark disappeared from Jerusalem. The mystery of what became of such an important and sacred artifact continues to fascinate archaeologists, historians and believers alike. There are no shortage of theories as to its fate and current location, which include a Jerusalem tunnel and the top of MT. Nebo in Jordan.

To Ethiopian Christians and Jews, the location of the Ark of the Covenant is no mystery. According to the Ethiopian royal chronicles, the Ark left Jerusalem much earlier than generally thought - in the days of King Solomon - and went to Ethiopia by the hand of Menelik, the son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. (The Bible tells of a meeting between the monarchs (1 Kings 10), but not a marriage or Prince Menelik.)

The Ark was then kept safe in Ethiopia over the millennia, carefully hidden during wars, and today it is enshrined in a special treasury next to the Church of St. Mary of Zion in Axum, Ethiopia.

This theory was popularized outside of Ethiopia through a 1990s book by British journalist Graham Hancock entitled The Sign and the Seal: The Quest for the Lost Ark of the Covenant. Hancock argues that after the Ark was brought to Ethiopia by Menelik, it was kept there for 800 years by a Judaic cult. Then it was seized by the Knights Templar, who thought that it was the Holy Grail. The Knights converted the Jews, who then kept the Ark in a great church. Following obscure clues found within ancient stories and Biblical tales, through the occult knowledge gleaned from the coded Grail epic of Wolfram Von Eschenbach, and the obscure and secretive workings of the enigmatic Knights Templar, Graham traces the Ark from its source in ancient Egypt, to Jerusalem, and from there to its final resting place in Africa.

Ancient Black History in North America
By Paul Barton

The earliest people in the Americas were people of the Negritic African race, who entered the Americas perhaps as early as 100,000 years ago, by way of the Bering straight and about thirty thousand years ago in a worldwide maritime undertaking that included journeys from the then wet and lake filled Sahara towards the Indian Ocean and the Pacific, and from West Africa across the Atlantic Ocean towards the Americas.

According to the Gladwin Thesis, this ancient journey occurred, particularly about 75,000 years ago and included Black Pygmies, Black Negritic peoples and Black Australoids similar to the Aboriginal Black people of Australia and parts of Asia, including India.


UNTOLD BLACK HISTORY: "Blacks" were the 1st Americans

Recent discoveries in the field of linguistics and other methods have shown without a doubt, that the ancient Olmecs of Mexico, known as the Xi People, came originally from West Africa and were of the Mende African ethnic stock. According to Clyde A. Winters and other writers (see Clyde A. Winters website), the Mende script was discovered on some of the ancient Olmec monuments of Mexico and were found to be identical to the very same script used by the Mende people of West Africa. Although the carbon fourteen testing date for the presence of the Black Olmecs or Xi People is about 1500 B.C., journeys to the Mexico and the Southern United States may have come from West Africa much earlier, particularly around five thousand years before Christ. That conclusion is based on the finding of an African native cotton that was discovered in North America. It's only possible manner of arriving where it was found had to have been through human hands. At that period in West African history and even before, civilization was in full bloom in the Western Sahara in what is today Mauritania. One of Africa's earliest civilizations, the Zingh Empire, existed and may have lived in what was a lake filled, wet and fertile Sahara, where ships crisscrossed from place to place.


The Many Tribes

Haile Selassie, Bob Marley and the Rastafaris

salassie
Haile Selassie

"Haile Selassie IRasta", or the Rastafari movement, is a religion that accepts the former Emperor of Ethiopia as God incarnate, whom they call Jah.  He is also seen as part of the Holy Trinity as the messiah promised in the Bible to return. The name Rastafari comes from Ras (Prince, Head, Duke or Chief) Tafari Makonnen, the pre-coronation name of Haile Selassie I.

Rastafari developed among an oppressed people who felt society had nothing to offer them except more suffering. Rastas may regard themselves as conforming to certain visions of how Africans should live, reclaiming what they see as a culture stolen from them when their ancestors were brought on slave ships to Jamaica, the movement's birthplace. The messages expounded by the Rastafari promote love and respect for all living things and emphasize the paramount importance of human dignity and self-respect. Above all else they speak of freedom from spiritual, psychological as well as physical slavery and oppression. In their attempts to heal the wounds inflicted upon the African race by the civilized nations of the world, Rastafarians continually extol the virtue and superiority of African culture and civilization past and present.

Marley, Salassie Lions
Rastafari Lion King of Judah, Bob Marley and Emperor Haile Selassie

“One Gospel, One Race, One Task;  the love shown by our God to mankind should constrain all of us who are followers and disciples of Christ, to do all in our power to see to it that the message of salvation is carried to those of our fellows for whom Christ our Savior was sacrificed but who have not had the benefit of hearing the good news.”  -- Haile Selassie, 1966 in Berlin

The doctrines of Rastafari depart radically from the norms of the conventional modern western mind, a trait of the movement deliberately encouraged by Rastas themselves. Unlike many religious groups that stress compliance with and recognition of the "powers-that-be,"   Rastafari instead stresses loyalty to their vision of "Zion," and rejection of modern society (called Babylon), which they see as thoroughly corrupt. "Babylon" in this case is considered to be rebelling against "Earth's Rightful Ruler" (JAH) ever since the days of king Nimrod.

BobMarley

"Me only have one ambition, y'know. I only have one thing I really like to see happen. I like to see mankind live together - black, white, Chinese, everyone - that's all.   Oh don´t forget your history nor your destiny."   -- Bob Marley

For many Rastas, smoking cannabis (known as ganja, marijuana, herb, kali, or lamb's bread) is a spiritual act, often accompanied by Bible study; they consider it a sacrament that cleans the body and mind, exalts the consciousness, facilitates peacefulness, and brings them closer to Jah. The burning of the herb is often said to be essential "for it will sting in the hearts of those that promote and perform evil and wrongs." Many believe that cannabis originated in Africa, and that it is a part of their African culture that they are reclaiming. 

According to Rastafarian and other scholars, the etymology of the word "cannabis" and similar terms in all the languages of the Near East may be traced to the Hebrew "qaneh bosm קנה-בשם" that is one of the herbs God commands Moses to include in his preparation of sacred anointing perfume in Exodus 30:23; the Hebrew term also appears in Isaiah 43:24; Jeremiah 6:20; Ezekiel 27:19; and Song of Songs 4:14. Deuterocanonical and canonical references to the patriarchs Adam, Noah, Abraham and Moses "burning incense before the Lord" are also applied, and many Rastas today refer to cannabis by the term ishence — a slightly changed form of the English word "incense".  It is also said that cannabis was the first plant to grow on King Solomon's grave.

Rastas believe that the smoking of cannabis enjoys Biblical sanction and is an aid to meditation and religious observance.  Among Biblical verses Rastas believe justify the use of cannabis:

"And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so."  --Genesis 1:11
".    .    .thou shalt eat the herb of the field."  -- Genesis 3:18
"Better is a dinner of herbs where love is, than a stalled ox and hatred therewith."  -- Proverbs 15:17
"He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man."  -- Psalms 104:14
"the healing of the nation"  -- Revelation 22:2

Haile Selassie married Queen Menen, who was a relative, a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad in the royal tradition, their union esoterically brought peace to the tribes, a restoration of the old; we see here that Islam and Rastafari is ONE.

Coronation King Salassie and Queen Menen
Coronation Celebration of King Selassie and Queen Menen (Click for bigger version)

Today, Rastas are not just Black African, but also include other diverse ethnic groups including Native American, White, Māori, and Indonesian. Additionally, in the 1990s, the word Rastaman became part of the vocabulary of the Post-Soviet states. After the fall of the USSR, a youth subculture of cannabis users formed, primarily in Russia and , many of whom began to call themselves Rastamany ("растаманы", in plural). They adopted a number of symbols of Rastafari culture, including Reggae music (especially honouring Bob Marley), the green-yellow-red colors, and sometimes dreadlocks, but not Afrocentrism (most are ethnically Slavic). Many of them protest against what they call "Babylon".

"you are not an African because you are born in Africa. you are an African because Africa is born in you!" -- Runoko Rashidi

The Dogon

dogon
The Dogon Tribe of Southern  Mali, Africa

“The Dogon are aware that “an infinite number of stars and spiralling worlds exist” and that all types of creatures live on other “Earths”.  In addition, they say that the Nommo, the people who come to Earth in their spaceships, will come back again when their ‘star’ appears in the heavens as “testament to the Nommo’s resurrection” Dogon believe that their Sirian benefactors will one day return, and that their ‘star’ will again appear in the sky:

“It is not surprising to find the same belief among Dogon tradition – that their Siriun visitors will one day return – a ‘certain star’ will once more appear in the sky and will be a testament to the Nommo’s resurrection.”  -- M. Hope  “The Sirius Connection”  p68 Element Books 1996

Temple and Hope consider the Dogon drawings of the Nommo vessel, in the form of a luminous circle, to be a spacecraft descending in a whirling pattern to Earth.  But an alternative interpretation is that these pictures actually represent Nibiru as it appeared to the Dogon, and everyone else, roughly 2000 years ago.  This would tie in better with Hope’s reference to a ‘certain star’ appearing in the sky, especially when taken in the context of the Nommo resurrection.  This train of thought may indicate a connection between the Anunnaki of the Nibiru system and the Oannes of the Sirius system.  Is it possible that the Anunnaki originate from the latter, before colonizing the former?  In other words, the Anunnaki were originally space-farers from Sirius before settling the Nibiru system, and thence onto Earth. Could this explain the bizarre astronomical data contained within the enigmatic mediaeval Voynich Manuscript? (6,7)   This might go a long way towards explaining the confused muddle that these ancient myths represent.

The Zulu Star Mu-sho-sho-no-no

<img src="Credo Mutwa" />
Credo Mutwa, spiritual leader of the Zulu people of Africa

Here's a quote from a Zulu elder about an anomalous Star with a great tail that turned the world upside down thousands of years ago:

"Let me tell you two last things please. One, it is this, that I am told by the great storytellers of our tribes, that fresh water is not native to our earth. That at one time, many thousands of years ago a terrible star, or the kind called Mu-sho-sho-no-no, the star with a very long tail, descended very close upon our skies. It came so close that the earth turned upside down and what had become the sky became down, and what was the heavens became up.
The whole world was turned upside down. The sun rose in the south and set in the north. Then came drops of burning black stuff, like molten tar, which burned every living thing on earth that could not escape. After that came a terrible deluge of water accompanied by winds so great that they blew whole mountaintops away. And after that came huge chunks of ice bigger than any mountain and the whole world was covered with ice for many generations.
After that the surviving people saw an amazing sight. They saw rivers and streams of water that they could drink, and they saw that some of the fishes that escaped from the sea were now living in these rivers. That is the great story of our forefathers. And we are told that this thing is going to happen again very soon. Because the great star, which is the lava of our sun, is going to return on the day of the year of the red bull, which is the year 2012."  -- Credo Mutwa

red star
Nibiru

These are the words of Credo Mutwa, a spiritual leader of the Zulu people.  It seems unlikely that such an event could have occurred as a result of a comet passage.  Furthermore, the 'great star' is called the 'lava of the sun', which indicates a fiery countenance, which is also not in keeping with a comet's appearance. Is this great red star Nibiru? 


Emancipation

Black Slavery

sudan slave
Black Slavery

Slavery is alive and well in Saudi Arabia today, where African and Asian maids work in terrible conditions. Their most fundamental rights are violated and they are held against their will, humiliated, sometimes even tortured.

It was the Arab slave traders who garnered the slave contingents bound for the Muslim Middle East. These black slaves in the Middle East have been mentioned by the Crusaders. The presence of significant numbers of black African Slaves many of and whom had their tongues cut off and were castrated, took the Crusaders by surprise.

The people of Central Africa fiercely resisted Islam for a long time, often converting nominally to Islam and immediately reverting to their pre-Islamic animistic tribal beliefs. The first recorded Muslim invasions were as early as the 8th century, but these invasions could not make significant inroads in to the deeply forested tribal fastness of Central Africa. Many of the raids were limited to the seizure of black African slaves, who were referred to as “Abeed” which in Arabic means “Black”. Black slavery was not the only slavery in history. The Arabs, Turks, Indians and even millions of Europeans were also reduced to slavery during the same period and before, with added dimensions of sex-slavery and castration. And the perpetrators were Muslims, not Europeans. Its about slavery. Black slaves were not shipped to the New World alone; a greater number were sent to the Islamic world.

blackslavvesrescuedfrom muslim
Black Slaves being rescued from the Muslims in the early 1900's.

"Islamic history informs us that Prophet Muhammad himself, armed with affirmed and reaffirmed divine sanctions (Qumran 16:76, 30:28, 16:71, 70:29–30, 23:5–6, 33:50 etc.), initiated Islamic slavery by enslaving the women and children of a number of Arabian tribes (Quraiza, Khaybar, Mustaliq and Hawazin etc.). Later, as Islamic power grew in leaps and bounds, slavery witnessed a tremendous burst on the world stage. Everywhere Muslims won victory, the women and children of the vanquished were enslaved in massive numbers: General Musa enslaved 300,000 in his conquest of North Africa in 698 and returned from his conquest of Spain in 715 with the Caliph’s one-fifth share of the booty that included 30,000 white virgins from the Visigothic nobility alone, while Sultan Mahmud returned from his invasion of India in 1001–02 CE with 500,000 enslaved women and children.
No small victims of Islamic slavery were Europeans themselves, who started falling victims to Islamic assaults in the Mediterranean islands within two decades after Muhammad’s death. And it continued well into the 19th century: the Ottomans, even in their decisive defeat and retreat from the Gates of Vienna in 1683, returned with 80,000 white captives, while Barbary pirates enslaved up to 1.5 million Europeans between the 1530s and 1820s, from European merchant-ships off the North African coast, plus from slave-raiding expeditions to costal villages and islands of Europe. Even American merchant-ships and their crew suffered horrible Barbary depredations and enslavement.
Prior to independence, Britain negotiated the release of captured American ship-crews whenever possible paying heavy ransom. After 1776, America signed treaties with Barbary States for securing safety of her ships by paying hefty tribute. To placate Muslims in Cairo speech, President Obama flaunted this humiliating treaty on America’s part as a respectful past relationship between Islam and America. As demand for higher ransom and depredations of U.S. ships continued, America had to engage in a difficult war to stop horrible enslavement of Americans in North Africa. Putting an end to continued enslavement of Europeans was a major reason behind France’s invasion of Morocco in 1830. It’s noteworthy that the Europeans, Obama’s exclusive target of condemnation for slavery, were subjected to Islamic enslavement in the cruelest form for some eight centuries, before they themselves embarked on the practice—the widely condemned trans-Atlantic slave-trade. Moreover, even in the European slave-trade in Africa, it was Muslims—the well-established masters of slave-hunting, -breeding and -trading for many centuries—who supplied over 80% of the slaves to European traders, the latter mainly purchased and transported them. The European slave-trade only offered a stimulus and played a lucrative partner for Muslims to a long-established Islamic vocation in Africa. What is accurate about Obama’s statement about slavery in Ghana is that European slavery was 'where the journey of much of African-American experience began'.
The cruel aspect aside, it left a positive end of some kind: the Black Diaspora in the new world, definitely more fortunate today than their left-behind brethren. Yet, this is only half the truth. There was another African slave-journey—lasting longer and larger in magnitude—that began with the Arab Muslim invasion of Africa in the 7-8th century. And it has left behind no residue whatsoever, an extermination of human species of huge magnitude—thanks to universal castration of black male-slaves destined for Islamic markets. The inhumanity of Islamic castration of immense number of African men wasn’t the robbing of their most natural identity and endowment, i.e. their manhood, alone, but mortality in castration was about 75 percent."  -- Hugh Fitzgerald

turkishbath
Turkish slaves in Islamic Harems

The dark skinned Rulers the Berbers (Moors), like the Arabs, were very fond of light skinned Turkish women, they kept their Harems well stocked with them.

"Overall mortality-rate of black slaves headed to the Islamic world, from procurement to reaching the destination, was as high as 90%, but their mortality in transportation by Europeans to the New World was about 10 percent. Obama’s condemnation of European-Christian slavery, a horror chapter in history, is laudable, but his exclusion of Islam, the crueler partner in the same crime, is not. It does gross injustice to those unfortunate souls that suffered from this tragic Islamic scourge. And those souls also include millions of Christian Europeans, his sole target of condemnation. European slavery has been thoroughly condemned by all and sundry—Europeans or non-Europeans, Christians or Muslims, scholars or laymen. And despite, Europe’s singular and forceful role in its abolition and from where slavery has been effectively abolished, anti-slavery campaigners have long called today’s Europeans to assume greater responsibility for past slavery and take concrete actions, such as payment of reparations, to combat slavery’s destructive legacy. But Islam—whose role in slavery is much bigger, crueler, and more tragic—remains thoroughly untouched; as if Islam and its followers were/are untouched by the vice of slavery. In fact, some Islamic countries (Mauritania, Saudi Arabia & Sudan) have continued practising slavery to this days, while Sudan has intensified it in recent decades, thanks to lack of criticism of Muslim engagement in slavery, whether historical or present. Some 600,000 souls in Mauritania remain shackled in continued slavery with no hope for liberation in sight, while tens of thousands of Christians, Animists and even Muslims have been kidnapped and reduced to slavery in Sudan since Islamists came to power in 1985 (Khan, Islamic Jihad, p. 347–49).Even in trans-Atlantic slave-trade, Muslims were complicit and played the cruelest role."   -- Hugh Fitzgerald

Nelsen Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela IPA: [xolíɬaɬa mandéːla] (born 18 July 1918) is a former President of South Africa, the first to be elected in fully representative democratic elections. Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist and leader of the African National Congress and its armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe. He spent 27 years in prison, much of it on Robben Island, on convictions for crimes that included sabotage committed while he spearheaded the struggle against apartheid.

Among opponents of apartheid in South Africa and internationally, he became a symbol of freedom and equality, while the apartheid government and nations sympathetic to it condemned him and the ANC as communists and terrorists.

Following his release from prison in February 11, 1990, his switch to a policy of reconciliation and negotiation helped lead the transition to multi-racial democracy in South Africa. Since the end of apartheid, he has been widely praised, even by former opponents.

Mandela has received more than one hundred awards over four decades, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. He is currently a celebrated elder statesman who continues to voice his opinion on topical issues. In South Africa he is often known as Madiba, an honorary title adopted by elders of Mandela's clan. The title has come to be synonymous with Nelson Mandela.

Mandela has frequently credited Mahatma Gandhi for being a major source of inspiration in his life, both for the philosophy of non-violence and for facing adversity with dignity.

Mandela has received many South African, foreign and international honours, including the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 (which was shared with Frederik Willem de Klerk), the Order of Merit and the Order of St. John from Queen Elizabeth II and the Presidential Medal of Freedom from George W. Bush. In July 2004, the city of Johannesburg bestowed its highest honour on Mandela by granting him the freedom of the city at a ceremony in Orlando, Soweto.

As an example of his popular foreign acclaim, during his tour of Canada in 1998, 45,000 school children greeted him with adulation at a speaking engagement in the SkyDome in the city of Toronto. In 2001, he was the first living person to be made an honorary Canadian citizen (the only previous recipient, Raoul Wallenberg, was awarded honorary citizenship posthumously). While in Canada, he was also made an honorary Companion of the Order of Canada, one of the few foreigners to receive Canada's highest honour.

In 1990 he received the Bharat Ratna Award from the government of India.

In 1992 he was awarded the Atatürk Peace Award by Turkey. He refused the award citing human rights violations committed by Turkey at the time, but later accepted the award in 1999.[

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Nelson Mandela, talking with children

"The history of the struggle in South Africa is rich with the stories of heroes and heroines, some of them leaders, some of them followers. All of them deserve to be remembered." Nelson Mandela

In a speech to mark his recent 90th birthday, Nelson Mandela called for the rich people to help poor people across the world: 

"During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.  But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die."  -- Nelson Mandela

Black Panthers

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Black Panthers, late 1960's

The Black Panthers were often described as a “black nationalist” party in the late 1960's. According to the two founders Newton and Seale, they believed that cultural nationalists (white nationalists) were “black racists.” Unlike other radical civil rights groups, the Black Panthers worked with whites who shared the same beliefs. The Black Panther’s slogan, "All Power to the People," showed that they were concerned for people other than just their fellow African Americans.

Ten Point Plan

WE WANT FREEDOM. WE WANT POWER TO DETERMINE THE DESTINY OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.

We believe that Black and oppressed people will not be free until we are able to determine our destinies in our own communities ourselves, by fully controlling all the institutions which exist in our communities.

WE WANT FULL EMPLOYMENT FOR OUR PEOPLE.

We believe that the federal government is responsible and obligated to give every person employment or a guaranteed income. We believe that if the American businessmen will not give full employment, then the technology and means of production should be taken from the businessmen and placed in the community so that the people of the community can organize and employ all of its people and give a high standard of living.

WE WANT AN END TO THE ROBBERY BY THE CAPITALISTS OF OUR BLACK AND OPPRESSED COMMUNITIES.

We believe that this racist government has robbed us and now we are demanding the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules were promised 100 years ago as restitution for slave labor and mass murder of Black people. We will accept the payment in currency which will be distributed to our many communities. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of our fifty million Black people. Therefore, we feel this is a modest demand that we make.

WE WANT DECENT HOUSING, FIT FOR THE SHELTER OF HUMAN BEINGS.

We believe that if the landlords will not give decent housing to our Black and oppressed communities, then housing and the land should be made into cooperatives so that the people in our communities, with government aid, can build and make decent housing for the people.

WE WANT DECENT EDUCATION FOR OUR PEOPLE THAT EXPOSES THE TRUE NATURE OF THIS DECADENT AMERICAN SOCIETY. WE WANT EDUCATION THAT TEACHES US OUR TRUE HISTORY AND OUR ROLE IN THE PRESENT-DAY SOCIETY.

We believe in an educational system that will give to our people a knowledge of the self. If you do not have knowledge of yourself and your position in the society and in the world, then you will have little chance to know anything else.

WE WANT COMPLETELY FREE HEALTH CARE FOR All BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE.

We believe that the government must provide, free of charge, for the people, health facilities which will not only treat our illnesses, most of which have come about as a result of our oppression, but which will also develop preventive medical programs to guarantee our future survival. We believe that mass health education and research programs must be developed to give all Black and oppressed people access to advanced scientific and medical information, so we may provide our selves with proper medical attention and care.

WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO POLICE BRUTALITY AND MURDER OF BLACK PEOPLE, OTHER PEOPLE OF COLOR, All OPPRESSED PEOPLE INSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

We believe that the racist and fascist government of the United States uses its domestic enforcement agencies to carry out its program of oppression against black people, other people of color and poor people inside the united States. We believe it is our right, therefore, to defend ourselves against such armed forces and that all Black and oppressed people should be armed for self defense of our homes and communities against these fascist police forces.

WE WANT AN IMMEDIATE END TO ALL WARS OF AGGRESSION.

We believe that the various conflicts which exist around the world stem directly from the aggressive desire of the United States ruling circle and government to force its domination upon the oppressed people of the world. We believe that if the United States government or its lackeys do not cease these aggressive wars it is the right of the people to defend themselves by any means necessary against their aggressors.

WE WANT FREEDOM FOR ALL BLACK AND OPPRESSED PEOPLE NOW HELD IN U. S. FEDERAL, STATE, COUNTY, CITY AND MILITARY PRISONS AND JAILS. WE WANT TRIALS BY A JURY OF PEERS FOR All PERSONS CHARGED WITH SO-CALLED CRIMES UNDER THE LAWS OF THIS COUNTRY.

We believe that the many Black and poor oppressed people now held in United States prisons and jails have not received fair and impartial trials under a racist and fascist judicial system and should be free from incarceration. We believe in the ultimate elimination of all wretched, inhuman penal institutions, because the masses of men and women imprisoned inside the United States or by the United States military are the victims of oppressive conditions which are the real cause of their imprisonment. We believe that when persons are brought to trial they must be guaranteed, by the United States, juries of their peers, attorneys of their choice and freedom from imprisonment while awaiting trial.

WE WANT LAND, BREAD, HOUSING, EDUCATION, CLOTHING, JUSTICE, PEACE AND PEOPLE'S COMMUNITY CONTROL OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY.

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bonds which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and, accordingly, all experience hath shown that mankind are most disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, when a long train of abuses and usurpation, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.

"We declare our right on this earth to be a man, to be a human being, to be respected as a human being, to be given the rights of a human being in this society, on this earth, in this day, which we intend to bring into existence by any means necessary."  -- Malcolm X, "By Any Means Necessary" Speech, 1966

 
Malcolm X:   "By Any Means Necessary " Speech, 1965


A Matter of Human Rights

Martin Luther King

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Martin Luther King, Jr.

"Courage is an inner resolution to go forward despite obstacles; Cowardice is submissive surrender to circumstances. Courage breeds creativity; Cowardice represses fear and is mastered by it. Cowardice asks the question, is it safe? Expediency ask the question, is it politic? Vanity asks the question, is it popular?
And I’ve looked over, and I’ve seen the promised land. I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land. So I’m happy tonight. I’m not worried about anything. I’m not fearing any man."  -- Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King Jr., "I Have A Dream" Speech, Washington D.C., 1963

I Have a Dream

"I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning, 'My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring.'
And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!
Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado!
Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California!
But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!
Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee!
Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.
And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, 'Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!'
But conscience ask the question, is it right? And there comes a time when we must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but one must take it because it is right.”   -- Martin Luther King , Jr., I have a Dream


Reparations

  • Bill H.R.40: The Commission to Study the Reparations Proposal
    By M. Quinn

  • As America continues to declare itself as the moral authority around the world, and likewise impose strict economic and political repercussions against the countries that purportedly violate the laws against humanity; it has been thoroughly incompetent in digesting and making atonement for its own immoral past.

    For, when we take a judicious and unwavering look at the plight of the Black populations in America, and the African nations worldwide; it becomes undoubtedly apparent that the mental, economic, social, spiritual and political state that Black people find themselves in was not of their own making.

    The perpetual stain of institutional racism from the blatant brutality, degradation, murder and out right mind control tactics of the Trans Atlantic Slave Trade; to Jim Crow, and the subjective racism that so prevalent today; these events have unquestionably embedded a deep physiological scar on the psyche of Africans “Black people” world wide; including within United States, and have not been adequately addressed by the architects thereof.

    There have been innumerable opportunities for the United States to exhibit the morality that it prides itself in having over the rest of the world, and deal with the inhumane acts perpetrated upon the very men and women that built this country, the American Blacks.

    Nevertheless, to date the expression of moral, economic, and social justice for Blacks in America has been hollow rhetoric and broken promises at best; and exceedingly fictional action by the U.S. Government at worst.

    According to the American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition - morality is defined as; 1. The quality of being in accordance with standards of right or good conduct. 2. A system of ideas of right and wrong conduct, 3. Virtuous conduct, 4. A rule or lesson in moral conduct.

    It is therefore my belief, that a moral person or nation should not have to be persuaded to do the right thing; they should do so without any coercion. Morality is a by-product of a moral mind-set, which directly affects ones actions and behavior. One cannot make the claim of having morality in a vacuum.

    Since the colonization of Africa and its indigenous people; the Black man, woman and child have essentially been taken from a place of sovereign spirituality and royalty, to the status of social pariahs of the world. It is imperative that in the 21st century, we no longer seek to minimize the plight of the African, while attempting to sweep the matter under the political and social rug. We must begin to address, and redress the matter directly to effectively move forward.

    "It is fortunate that United States President Obama, visiting a former slave-trading fort in Ghana on July 11, condemned this dark chapter in human history rightly as a 'great evil', adding 'As African-Americans, there is a special sense that this place was a place of profound sadness'.  Obama also pointed to a church, standing next to slave-dungeons, to obviate the paradigm as to how European Christians, with sanctions from the church, engaged in black slavery."  -- Hugh Fitzgerald

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    United States President Barrack Obama the 44th President

    The Commission to Study the Reparations Proposal for African American’s Act

    This Act better known as Bill H.R. 40 was originally introduced in 1989 by Congressman John Conyers, Jr. The bill was essentially designed to study the economic, political and social affects of slavery on Black Americans. The House of Representatives Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights has rejected the very notion of hearing this bill every year since 1989. The original vote for H.R. 40 by the House of Representatives received a meager 28 votes out of 435 members.

    It is imperative that we understand that Reparations for the atrocities perpetrated against innocent African men, women, and children are more than a simple act of recompense. It is a deeply moral, social and political recognition of being wronged.

    We must equally ask ourselves, that if Jewish people - and rightfully so, insisted that the German government redress its immoral past; and if the horrendous crimes against the Native Americans were redressed, what makes the idea of America correcting its immoral past atrocities committed against countless innocent African men, women, and children so hard to fathom? For to do this means that we can truly embark upon the path toward correcting the social sickness, that is "American Racism.”

    Furthermore, no federal legislation to date, has adequately addressed the plight of the African in the world community and the horrendous crimes against humanity inflicted upon them, which served as the catalyst for today's discrimination and racist mentality. The current legislation to combat racism in America is reactionary at best; and merely deals with the affects of racism, not the causation itself. To adequately address the evils of racism - in America and the world community, we must deal directly with the causation of this cancerous minds et, not merely the effects thereof.

    The four hundred years of degradation, brutality, and murder; coupled with cultural and spiritual genocide perpetrated upon African people, eclipses both of the fore-mention events; bar none.

    Bill H.R. 40 seeks to address the following:

    • Acknowledge the fundamental injustice and inhumanity of American slavery.

    • Establish a commission to study slavery, its subsequent racial and economic discrimination against freed slaves.

    • Study the impact of those forces on today's living African Americans.

    • Make recommendations to Congress on appropriate remedies to redress the harm inflicted on today's living African Americans.

    Slavery in the United States within the thirteen American colonies began in 1619, and ended around 1865. This time frame does not include the sufferings of Black folk during the Jim Crow era, in addition to the subjective racism still so prevalent in today’s society. It becomes readily apparent that the enslavement of Africans was in blatant violation of countless "American Laws" from the "Declaration of Independence" to the "Constitution of the United States" during the period of time from 1776 to 1865.

    If the founding fathers of America were true to the words enclosed within the Declaration of Independence during its drafting; the "Trans Atlantic Slave Trade" should have ended in 1776 with the final proclamation that; We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

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    United States First Lady Michelle Obama

    Black is Beautiful!

    All Our Relations
    Mitakuye Oyasin
    Gus dii dada dv ni

    Aho.  .  .

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